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Notice of Some Stone Crosses

The following is from Notice of Some Stone Crosses by James Drummond, Esq., R.S.A., F.S.A. Scot.:

List of Illustrations

Plate I

No. 1 - Newbigging Market-Cross, Lanarkshire

In the "Memorie of the Somervills," written by Lord Somervill in 1679, mention is made of a Cross having been erected in Carnwath by Hugh, Lord Somervill, in 1516, bearing his own and his lady's name on it, with their arms. "Neither was there any Crosse at Carnwath before that tyme, nor within the baronie, save that of Newbigging, built by Sir Gaulter of Newbigging (he died 1380), or some of his predecessors. For that Crosse lies nether letters nor other armes, save a double Crosse, resembling that which the Crosse dollers bearea at present." The Cross at Carnwath has been replaced by a commonplace modern one.

No. 2 - Market-Cross at Ormiston, Haddingonshire

On this Cross there is a shield, but tho arms are completely defaced.

No. 3 - The Market-Cross of Melrose, Roxburghshire

The oldest part of this Cross is the octagonal shaft, on the upper part of which are the shadowy remains of a shield and crest, or crozier. On the top of this shaft is a rude square capital, surmounted by the unicorn rampant, supporting between its fore legs the Scottish shield, displaying the lion, within its double tressure, of the royal arms. On the front of this squared base or capital there is the date 1645; on one side the remains of letters, apparently EIH; on the other, a shield bearing the Mell and Rose of Melrose, and below these, masons' compasses crossed. On the back of the capital is cut a sun-dial. The date here given is apparently that of repairs or alterations made by or under the superintendence of the person whose initials are carved on it. There is a small plot of ground in the neighbourhood of Melrose called the Corse Rig, or Cross Ridge, the rent of which is, or used to be, devoted to keep the Cross in repair.

No. 4 - Doune Market-Cross, Perthshire

On the capital of this Cross are two shields of arms, the principal being those of the earldom of Moray, the other the coat of arms of the Campbells. It is surmounted by a lion, his fore paws resting on a shield charged with the crest of the Earl of Moray. There are also two sundials on the capital.

Plate II

No. 1 - The Market-Cross of Inverkeithing, Fifeshire

The height of the pillar, capital, and unicorn, is 14 feet 6 inches; diameter of parapet wall, 16 feet 2 inches.

No. 2 - At Crieff, in Perthshire there are two Crosses

The one, which is a memorial cross, was removed from the neighbourhood, and placed within a railing in a central position of the town. It is figured in the Spalding Club volume of Standing Stones. The other is, however, the Market-Cross, and is said to have been erected by James Drummond, Earl of Perth, who was Chancellor to James VII. From its timeworn appearance, it looks much older than this date. On the capital has been the shield of arms of the Drummonds, surmounted by a coronet. These are very indistinct. It is not in its original position, but is placed near the Town House or jail. Close by it is a set of very massive iron stocks. This, I think, is unique in Scotland.

Plate III

No. 1 - The Market-Cross of Edinburgh

As restored by Mr Bryce from the old engraving; the only difference being, that instead of the very rude attempts at Roman heads, the royal Scottish medallions from James I to Charles II are substituted, and the City Arms are placed above the door of entrance. The capital is from the original at Drum, while the character of gurgoyle is taken from one at Lixmount, near Edinburgh, which formed part of the old Cross. The pillar was 20 feet high. The diameter of the main building was 16 feet, its height 15 feet; the form octagonal.

No. 2 - The Market-Cross at Preston, Haddingtonshire

The height of the understructure of this beautiful Cross is 11 feet 6 inches, its diameter 15 feet. The height of the pillar or shaft and unicorn is 20 feet.

Plate IV

No. 1 - What the original Cross of Edinburgh may have been—the shaft, now at Drum, springing from a stone basin, such as the one preserved at Abbotsford, which is stated to have been also part of the Cross. From this wine would flow on high days and holidays.

No. 2 - How it might be restored. The centre of the Exchange square, or somewhere in the Parliament Square, behind St Giles’ Church, might be a suitable position for such a restoration.

The Market-Crosses of Dundee (top), Aberdeen (bottom left) & Perth


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